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World Oceans Day


Puerto Viejo, South Caribbean - 2010 photo by Annick Elziere

The United Nations will officially observe World Oceans Day for the first time on 8 June, with the theme “Our Oceans, Our Responsibility”.  To commemorate the observance, the Empire State Building will be lit in an ocean of blue. Oceans play a key role in our daily lives.  They are integral to sustainable development and an important frontier for research.  As scientists explore the oceans at greater depths than ever before, they continue to discover new forms of marine life.  This research has great potential to advance human well-being.(English-Esperanto)

Puerto Viejo beach, Costa Rica - May 2010 - photo by Annick ElzierePuerto Viejo beach, Costa Rica - May 2010 - photo by Annick ElziereBut, if we are to fully benefit from what oceans have to offer, we must address the damaging impacts of human activities.  The diversity of life in the oceans is under ever-increasing strain.  Over-exploitation of marine living resources, climate change, and pollution from hazardous materials and activities all pose a grave threat to the marine environment.  So does the growth of criminal activities, including piracy, which have serious implications for the security of navigation and the safety of seafarers.

Much action is already being taken within the framework of the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea – our “constitution for the oceans”.  More than 15 years after the Convention’s entry into force, it continues to act as our guide. 

But if we are to safeguard the capacity of the oceans to service society’s many and varied needs, we need to do much more.   On this second annual commemoration of World Oceans Day, I urge Governments and citizens everywhere to acknowledge the enormous value of the world’s oceans -- and do their part in ensuring their health and vitality.

Puerto Viejo beach, Costa Rica - May 2010 - photo by Annick ElzierePuerto Viejo beach, Costa Rica - May 2010 - photo by Annick ElziereWhile World Oceans Day has been celebrated by many countries since the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, the United Nations General Assembly decided last year to make the day an officially recognized UN observance. The official designation of World Oceans Day by the United Nations is an opportunity to raise global awareness of the current challenges faced by the international community in connection with the oceans.

The oceans cover about two-thirds of the surface of the Earth and affect all. They generate most of the oxygen we breathe, absorb carbon dioxide emissions, provide food and nutrients, regulate climate, and are important economically for countries that rely on tourism, fishing and other marine resources for income. Unfortunately the vitality of the world’s oceans is under threat due to human activity and climate change.

United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, in a message for World Oceans Day, said “human activities are taking a terrible toll on the world’s oceans and seas. Vulnerable marine ecosystems, such as corals and important fisheries, are being damaged by over-exploitation, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing, destructive fishing practices, invasive alien species and marine pollution, especially from land-based sources.”

Mr. Ban also said that increased sea temperatures, sea-level rise and ocean acidification caused by climate change pose a further threat to marine life, coastal and island communities and national economies.

“The theme of World Oceans Day,” he added, “emphasizes our individual and collective duty to protect the marine environment and carefully manage its resources.”

Find the ESPERANTO Translation below the Youtube video. Thank you.



LA ĜENERALA SEKRETARIO
MESAĜO OKAZE DE MONDA OCEANA TAGO

8 junio 2010

Oceanoj ludas ŝlosilan rolon en niaj ĉiutagaj vivoj.  Ili estas integra elemento en daŭrigebla evoluigo kaj grava fronto por esplorado.  Dum sciencistoj esploras la oceanojn je ĉiam pli profundaj niveloj ol iam ajn antaŭe, ili daŭre eltrovas novajn formojn de mara vivo.  Tiuj esploroj havas grandan potencialon por antaŭenigi homan bonfarton.

Sed, se ni deziras plene profiti el tio, kion oceanoj ofertas, ni devas alfronti la damaĝajn efikojn de homaj aktivecoj.  La vivodiverseco de la oceanoj estas ĉiam pli streĉita.  Troa ekspluatado de mare vivantaj rimedoj, klimata ŝanĝiĝo, kaj polucio pro danĝeraj materialoj kaj agadoj prezentas gravan minacon al la mara ĉirkaŭaĵo.  Tion faras ankaŭ la kresko de krimaj agadoj, inkluzive de piratado, kiuj havas gravajn implicojn je la sendanĝereco de navigado kaj la sekureco de maristoj.

Multon oni jam faris en la kadro de la Konvencio de Unuiĝintaj Nacioj pri la Juro de la Maro (1982) – nia “konstitucio por la oceanoj”.  Pli ol 15 jarojn post la ekvalidiĝo de la Konvencio, ĝi daŭre rolas kiel nia gvidilo.  Sed se ni volas sekurigi la kapablon de la oceanoj servi la abundajn kaj variajn bezonojn de la socio, necesas fari multon pli.  Okaze de tiu ĉi dua ĉiujara solenigo de Monda Oceana Tago, mi petas Registarojn kaj civitanojn ĉie, ke ili agnosku la grandegan valoron de la oceanoj de la mondo – kaj faru sian parton por garantii ilian sanon kaj ilian vivantecon.

ESPERANTO translation by Humphrey Tonkin, former president of the University of West Hartford, two time president of Universal Esperanto Association.

Source: UN.org - World Oceans Day

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